Using Human Computation to Acquire Novel Methods for Solving Visual Analogy Problems on Intelligence Tests

The Raven’s Progressive Matrices (RPM) test is a commonly used test of intelligence. The literature suggests a variety of problem-solving methods for addressing RPM problems. For a graduate-level artificial intelligence class in Fall 2014, we asked students to develop intelligent agents that could address 123 RPM-inspired problems, essentially crowdsourcing RPM problem solving. The students in the class submitted 224 agents that used a wide variety of problem-solving methods. In this paper, we first report on the aggregate results of those 224 agents on the 123 problems, then focus specifically on four of the most creative, novel, and effective agents in the class. We find that the four agents, using four very different problem-solving methods, were all able to achieve significant success. This suggests the RPM test may be amenable to a wider range of problem-solving methods than previously reported. It also suggests that human computation might be an effective strategy for collecting a wide variety of methods for creative tasks.